The Legal Empowerment and Assistance for the Disadvantaged

What is the project about ?

 Photo by UNDP Indonesia

The Legal Empowerment and Assistance for the Disadvantaged (LEAD) Project was designed to target poor and marginalized citizens in order to promote greater access to justice for all. An assessment showed that many of the key injustices cited by disadvantaged or marginalized communities related to their social and economic welfare, while community awareness of specific rights provided by Indonesian legislation was low. Working at both the policy level and with civil society organizations, this  BAPPENAS - UNDP joint project was implemented in North Maluku, Central Sulawesi, and Southeast Sulawesi from 2007 to 2011  with funding support from the Netherlands, Sweden, and Norway.


Component 1: Strengthened legal empowerment of target claim holders

Legal awareness is a prerequisite for promoting access to justice, especially for poor, disadvantaged and marginalized citizens who are often the least empowered to assert and protect their rights. The LEAD Project has focused on strengthening the legal awareness of its beneficiaries by providing legal knowledge and information about the right to government services, protection from gender-based violence and discrimination, ownership and management of land and natural resources, and legal assistance and protection. The details of these results are as follows:

  • Legal awareness raising support for more than 450,000 poor and disadvantaged people through village discussions, public media campaigns, and film-viewings;
  • Strengthened beneficiary legal awareness –a greater percentage of LEAD beneficiaries had increased levels of awareness related to their rights to government services (63.9%, compared to 43.1% of the non-beneficiaries), land and natural resources (62.2%, compared to 56.9%), and the rights of marginalized groups to participate in politics and cultural activities (87.8%, compared to 73.6%); and
  •  In all three provinces, as measured by a recent impact assessment, beneficiaries’ not only became more aware of their rights, but their attitudes became more pro-active in seeking access to justice, as seen below.

Component 2: Improved grievance handling by local duty bearers

Working to increase the capacity and efficacy of state institutions and civil society/community level institutions to handle the grievances and disputes of poor and marginalized people), the project:

  • Trained 91 government officials and 3,814 citizen advisors and paralegals, established 219 legal service posts, and provided legal aid to 389 cases;
  • Increased the number of gender based violence cases reported and resolved in the project sites (from only one or two cases per quarter to 20 cases per quarter during and after LEAD project implementation);  and
  • Supported the development and enactment of two decrees on minimum service standards in Ternate, North Maluku, and decree on gender mainstreaming in Konawe, South East Sulawesi.

Component 3: Improved policy frameworks and strengthened justice sector reform efforts

Working at the national level, the project:

  • Supported the development of the National Strategy on Access to Justice (NSA2J), which has been integrated into the National Medium-Term Development Plan (2010-2014); and
  • Established the National Access to Justice Secretariat within BAPPENAS to coordinate the implementation of the NSA2J by relevant government ministries and agencies.


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