Strategic Planning and Action to Strengthen Climate Resilience of Rural Communities (SPARC)

What We Do


Eastern Nusa Tenggara Province is one of the poorest provinces in Indonesia with the poverty rate that stands at 25.7 percent higher than the 16 percent national poverty rate (2008 Data of the Central Agency on Statistics/BPS) relies on Agriculture production as its source of income. Eastern Nusa Tenggara Province has been facing chronic poverty issue for decades. This has subsequently created a heavy reliance towards favorable climate situation in ensuring good quality of yields for food crops produced by the local farmers. The Province, due to its remote geographical location, has also suffered for stalled progress in development compounded by the climate induced disasters. Eastern Nusa Tenggara Province listed four major issues which include as follows:

  • High systemic vulnerabilities due to geographical and geophysical factors (remote and archipelagic area, with naturally high climate variability)
  • Slow development progress in the area (Short term planning, reactive approach to problems, poor information technology and communication infrastructures)
  • Decentralization governance challenges due to ineffective coordination and lack of capacity development being implemented at the Subnational level
  • Lack of availability on critical public services such as health and education

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Indonesia collaborated with the Ministry of Environment and BAPPEDA (Development Planning Agency of Eastern Nusa Tenggara Province), through the Strategic Planning and Action to Strengthen Climate Resilience of Rural Communities in Eastern Nusa Tenggara Province (SPARC) funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF)/Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) focuses to strengthen and develop climate resilient institutions and rural communities in the Province. The work is aimed to tackle the challenges in livelihood, food and water securities for the local communities through sustainable long term solutions which include the formulation of some key activities aligned with the Provincial Government’s Long Term Development Plan (Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah/RPJM) tapping into the Policy, Planning and Budgeting. The project is expected to build communities resilience towards climate change and its challenges which feeds into the National policy on Climate Change Adaptation.  

Key Milestones


Enhanced the Institutional Capacity to Integrate Climate Resilience in Sustainable Development at the Subnational Level

SPARC has supported the formulation of Subnational Working Group on Climate Change and its Socialization throughout three districts which include Sabu Raijua, Manggarai and Sumba Timur districts.  This Working Group is chaired by Bappeda of each district.  The Working Groups are responsible for multistakeholder coordination in their respective districts on climate change issues during the duration of the project.

The project also sought to provide technical capacities to train and advocate key stakeholders to address climate change adaptation in their daily work. The key achievements include as follows:

  • Training module developed and delivered on basic understanding of climate change, its causes, impacts and vulnerable group implications for the development in Eastern Nusa Tenggara Province and possible actions the province can take to adapt to climate change.
  • Training module developed and delivered on the scientific aspects of climate change in the context of Eastern Nusa Tenggara province, climate change modeling, downscaling, climate risk analysis, gender sensitive impact, vulnerability assessment, dealing with uncertainties, economics of impacts and adaptation, and translating science into applicable advice to policy makers and extension workers.
  • Training module developed and delivered on Climate Change impacts on rural livelihoods, food security and adaptation measures. The training provided an in-depth understanding of the impacts of climate change, issues that need to be addressed, and identify concrete actions that can initiate to strengthen their adaptive capacity.
  • Training module developed and delivered on climate change impacts on water resources management and adaptation measures.
  • Training module developed and delivered on community based adaptation. This training focused on developing knowledge and skills necessary to support men and women in the communities with understanding of climate change, identifying their vulnerabilities and adaptation options and formulating actions to increase their resilience.
  • Training module developed and delivered in integrating climate change in all aspects of development including policies, cost-benefit analysis, planning, budgeting and monitoring, fiscal instruments and a number of case studies to provide hands-on experience.

Provincial and District Governments key policies, programmes and budget allocations linked with priority adaptation actions

SPARC has engaged the Provincial and District governments which also extend to the members of parliaments to agree on the needs of investing in climate change through field visits to communities at the project districts and round table discussions in Eastern Nusa Tenggara Province. At Nattional level the project has also coordinated with multiple Government institutions such as the Ministry of Finance’s Fiscal Policy Office to undertake a Climate Change Institutional review focused on adaptation in the Province and the three selected districts, i.e. Sabu Raijua, Manggarai and Sumba Timur districts. At provincial SPARC  has integrated climate change issue into  Regional Mid Term Development Plan and and at district level mentored in developing Annual Work Plan in related sector to have budget allocation and synergizing program. climate financing plan..

Strengthened Rural Communities in a Changing Climate

The project allocated resources to ensure that the communities apply climate knowledge, adaptive technology and finance based on their gender specific vulnerabilities and opportunities which have been identified. The key results include as follows:

  • 120 communities  have developed a community based climate risk information system
  • 40 communities, subsistence farming practices have been adjusted to more variable and extreme climatic conditions to strengthened food security.
  • 40 household have become more resilient by diversifying sources of income which are less sensitive to climate change
  • 40 household communities, water resources infrastructure and management have been improved taking into account projected changes in rainfall patterns

The option activities of climate change adaptation located in the vulnerable village (communities) according to vulnerable assessment finding in 3 (three) targeted District (Sabu Raijua, Manggarai and Sumba Timur) of NTT province.   


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