The Peace Through Development in Disadvantaged Areas (PTDDA)
What We Do
Launched in June 2012, The Peace Through Development in Disadvantaged Areas (PTDDA) project provides a framework for UNDP's continual support to the Government in enhancing capacity at all levels, for conflict preventions and peace building.
It is designed to contribute to the UNDP-Government of Indonesia (GoI) Country Programme Action Plan (CPAP) 2011-2015 achievements, by assisting GoI and civil society in improving their capacities to identify and manage conflict and their impact within Indonesia’s communities.
In an archipelagic country composed of more than 17,000 islands and of a diverse population gathering approximately 75 ethnic groups, PTDDA is of significant importance as Indonesia faces tremendous challenges in ensuring peace and unity. Between 1998 and 2004, waves of communal violence spread throughout the country and particularly impacted the provinces of Maluku and North Maluku, Central Sulawesi, West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan and the capital city of Jakarta. These events claimed at least 10,000 lives, with 90% of the cases related to conflicts rooted in ethno-religious tensions. In addition, vertical conflicts were observed in Aceh and Papua, opposing the local and central Government and causing the loss of a critical number of lives and properties. Although the frequency of violent communal incidents notably declined since 2004, Indonesia remains one of the most conflict-prone countries in the Asia-Pacific Region.
Hence, to tackle this situation, the PTDDA project builds on the achievements, best practices and lessons learned from its predecessor, the Peace Through Development (PTD) project that has been implemented in the provinces of Maluku, North Maluku and Central Sulawesi, covering six districts, 12 sub-districts and 24 villages.
PTD strategic approaches included: the promotion of government leadership, a decentralized approach targeting high conflict-risk areas, the facilitation of multi-stakeholder processes and the capacity development. This laid the foundation in developing the capacity of both the government and the civil society to engage with conflict prevention, to formulate and implement conflict sensitive development programs and empowered local communities to resolve their problems peacefully rather than through the use of violence. While PTD has focused more on integrating conflict sensitivity into normal development processes, PTDDA moves further by taking into account the possible synergies among conflict prevention, disaster risk reduction, access to justice, and poverty reduction.
In this perspective, PTDDA extends the targeted areas to Aceh and East Nusa Tenggara provinces, which are highly prone to violent outbreaks and where vulnerable women and children remain in need of support whilst focusing particularly on:
- Building a commonly agreed Conflict Prevention Framework (CPF), established at the national level and in target areas to ensure a clear division of roles and responsibilities among relevant stakeholders.
- Setting up an institutional system for conflict prevention established at the national level and in target areas.
- Assisting communities in applying conflict prevention tools and mechanisms that promote social cohesion, and sustainable welfare and livelihoods towards a safe and stable well-being.
By adopting this strategy, PTDDA engages the following critical steps to ensure social cohesion:
- Continuous advocacy for legislation on conflict prevention to demonstrate that timely response to contentious issues in local development will prevent any disruptions to sustainable peace.
- Developing and capturing best practices from the field level to provide input for updating irrelevant policies and legislation.
- Cultivating pluralism and tolerance notions in every-day life through diverse initiatives.
- Applying a conflict sensitive approach in the development process of conflict prone areas to go beyond humanitarian support and reconstruction actions and reach a solid social cohesion.
- Expanding proper mechanisms for inclusive politics and platforms for mutual dialogue and partnerships amongst development actors in order to develop a commonly agreed social contract between the state and the society.
Since its recent start in 2012, PTDDA has already reached major achievement in various areas.
- In terms of ensuing a comprehensive framework for conflict prevention established at the national level and in target areas:
- The Conflict Prevention Framework (CPF) has been strengthened with inputs from state and non-state actors. The finalised framework was launched nationally in December 2013 and was well received by the national government as the means to manage conflict prevention. Government ministries are committed to explore the possibility of endorsing the CPF through a national policy and incorporating conflict prevention into the country’s Mid-term Development Plan (RPJMN 2015-2019).
- Enhanced capacity of 20 female peace advocates from government, parliament, academia, civil society, and media on advocacy and communication for conflict prevention through training programmes implementation.
- The drafting of the Government regulation (Peraturan Pemerintah) to make Law No.7/2012 on Social Conflict Management effective has been endorsed by a Presidential Approval Letter issued in November 2013 through the State Secretariat. PTDDA is providing legal expertise and facilitating a participative formulation process.
To ensure the setting up of an institutional system for conflict prevention at the national level and in targeted areas:
- The Technical Coordination Team for Peace Building (TKPP) was established under the leadership of the Coordinating Ministry for Social Welfare (K emenkokesra) in order to improve coordination and synergy between government ministries and peace actors. Lastly, to assist communities in addressing conflict prevention and take social cohesion initiatives with mechanisms ensuring safety and sustainable well-being:
- Guidelines and training manual on conflict sensitive budgeting developed in partnership with the Society Initiative Bandung (Perkumpulan Inisiatif Bandung). The draft guidelines and manual have also been tested with local government officials and CSOs (Civil Society Organizations) in Garut District, West Java Province and Palu City, Central Sulawesi Province.
Two key training guidelines have been developed and field tested during the first semester of 2014:
- Conflict sensitive budgeting and
- Peace building curriculum for government apparatus. Both tools will help to build government capacity to ensure government staff adopts greater conflict sensitivity.
In the future, PTDDA will assist the National Institute of Public Administration in developing curricula for the government apparatus on peace building, social cohesion and conflict prevention to help sub-national and national government staff understand conflict dynamics and the importance of peace building.
UNDP Indonesia Country Office
Menara Thamrin 8-9th Floor
Jl. MH Thamrin Kav. 3