UNDP believes that the people of Indonesia should have ownership over the programmes and projects we support. All UNDP programmes therefore actively promote the spirit of mutual respect, support and accountability and subscribe to the principle of national ownership as enshrined in the Jakarta Commitment – a declaration put forward by the government and its development partners in 2009 to strengthen aid effectiveness in Indonesia. In the true spirit of national ownership, all of UNDP’s assistance in Indonesia is implemented by national entities, including line ministries and the Ministry of National Planning and Development, and at the subnational level by line departments, provincial and district authorities as well as community groups.
While each programme supported by UNDP has specific and varied objectives, capacity development is one aim that all UNDP programmes – in Indonesia and worldwide – have in common. This takes on many forms including institutional reform, leadership development, education, and training for members of the public such as journalists, and women’s communities. In line with this logic, UNDP advisers work side by side with Indonesian counterparts to strengthen capacities in technical matters, policy formulation and budget planning, amongst others.
Gender in Indonesia
Our work on gender equality is guided by international and domestic laws and standards, through the Convention on all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW, 1979) and the Beijing Platform of Action (1995). The Government of Indonesia ratified the UN Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and committed to the Beijing Platform of Action, both of which provide guidance on removing barriers preventing women from fully participating in public life. Indonesia also signed the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) in 2006. As a result, the Government of Indonesia (GOI) passed a law stating women must make up 30 percent of legislative candidates, including Government parties.
The National Gender Mainstreaming Policy enacted in 2000 (through The Presidential Decree in) guides the National Long-term Development Plan (RPJPN) 2005- 2025 which confirms the Indonesian government’s commitment to gender equality with specific laws in place and aligning the National Development Agenda with 17 Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) #5 Gender Equality.
Measures have been taken to implement the Government’s zero-tolerance policy for gender-based violence. These include the Law on Domestic Violence in 2004, the Victim Protection Law in 2006, the Law on Anti-Trafficking in 2007, and the Law on the Protection of Women and Anti Gender- based Violence in 2009. Recently, UNDP Indonesia worked with government to prevent Gender Based Violence (GBV)/Violence Against Women (VAW) through piloting the development of local GBV action plan and integrated services for GBV survivors .
UNDP Indonesia supports ministries of GOI in promoting women for peacebuilding, gender sensitive budgeting for climate change adaptation, building more gender sensitive law-enforcement in environment crimes-handling , and promote gender equality in economic empowerment.
UNDP Indonesia Gender Equality Strategy and Action Plan 2017-2020 articulates our commitment on advancing equality between men and women through our programs/projects and our corporate policy. In line with the entry points of gender mainstreaming of UNDP Corporate Strategy on Gender, Indonesia is addressing gender equality in four interrelated outcomes of country programming:
(1) Empowering women to have more adequate standard of living and decent, sustainable employment and income. UNDP Indonesia recognizes the need for more inclusive and sustainable growth development and opportunities for women, to eradicate the barriers that are preventing women from improving their welfare.
(2) Work with local service providers to ensure the rights of women are protected without stigma or discrimination. In addition, efforts will be made so that basic health services are endorsed to have reasonable prices for men and women.
(3) Supports greater participation of women in the sustainable management of natural resources. UNDP Indonesia promotes gender inclusivity and responsive green economy through sustainable forest management, energy consumption, etc. UNDP Indonesia also supports the government for building gender-sensitive disaster management responses.
(4) Strengthen access to justice and more responsive and accountable public institutions to increase the benefits. Women of poor and vulnerable groups are target beneficiaries of our works in this regard.
Gender mainstreaming uses as a methodological tool for project designs, implementation and evaluation. UNDP Indonesia uses corporate tools and platforms such as Gender Markers, Quality Assurance, PMD, ROAR to monitor gender works and its results. In partnership, UNDP Indonesia is working with various stakeholders including inter agency collaborations, and international partners.
Human Development Index
Expected years of schooling (years)
Employment to population ratio (% ages 15 and older)