UNDP CLIMATE DIALOGUE: Putting the Paris Agreement into Action2016 Jun 8
Six months after the pivotal Paris Agreement, Indonesian ministry officials on the United Nations Development Programme’s Climate Dialogue agree: more action is needed. Speakers discussed progress and challenges around achieving national targets. Although progress is being made, there is an urgent need for enhanced cooperation among ministries to reach Indonesia’s emission-reduction target of 29%, or 41% with international assistance by 2030. “Solidarity in Paris has to continue and materialize – there is no better proof than action,” said Corinne Breuze, Ambassador of France in her welcoming address at the event.
As Indonesia works towards realizing its commitment to reducing emissions, there is a need to develop policies, ensure their swift implementation and develop complementary actions particular the areas of energy and transport, agriculture, forestry and peatland. In the keynote address he delivered on behalf of the Minister, Mr. Agus Justianto, Senior Advisor at the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, said the Paris Agreement is a historic achievement; a global milestone in tackling climate change. The Paris Agreement has early momentum that was missing in previous international climate agreements thanks to the submission of the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) that elicited country-level ownership of emission reduction targets, Mr. Justianto commented. The panel of ministry officials and a Member of Parliament shared experiences, innovations, and challenges, moderated by Mr. Sarwono Kusumaatmadja, Chair of the Advisory Council on Climate Change, KLHK. The panel also fielded questions from the audience of academics, civil society and private sector stakeholders on topics of monitoring and evaluation, disaster reduction and quality data.
On Earth Day (22 April 2016) Indonesia joined more than 170 other nations in signing the historic Paris Agreement, a symbolic moment that maintained important momentum on climate change. At the Paris Agreement signing ceremony, H.E. Dr. Siti Nurbaya Bakar, Minister of Environmental and Forestry, announced that Indonesia aims to be one of the first 50 countries to ratify the international agreement to halt global temperature rise. Indonesia is a globally significant emitter of greenhouse gasses, but it is also an archipelagic nation vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change. UNDP Indonesia supports Indonesia’s ratification process of the Paris Agreement and will continue to work with the Government and all actors on actions to meet the national targets on climate change.
- Ms. Farida Zed (ESDM) spoke on prioritizing energy conservation and accelerating of new, renewable energy including hydropower, geothermal and bioeneregy to reduce energy sector emissions. In particular, the Ministry’s ‘Potong 10%’ campaign raises awareness for energy conservation with star-ratings on appliances and behavioral change initiatives.
- Indonesian ministries must speak with a unified voice in order to find the best energy solutions. Parliament has seen inconsistencies in overseeing the climate change goal, said Mr Satya Yudha, (DPR). For example, the contrast between coal power plan acceleration and renewable energy implementation shows discrepancy.
- Mr. Kindy Rinaldy Syahrir discussed the future of financing, raising that USD 2.8 billion is needed annually to finance climate change mitigation as stated in the National Action Plan 2010-2020. The Ministry of Finance is in the process of establishing a vehicle for financing climate change – to be finalized as early as June this year – that would accommodate international resource flows.
- For the Ministry of Agriculture, adaptation is key to protect the agricultural sector from the impacts of climate change as presented by Prof. Dr. Fahmuddin Agus. Mitigation is a co-benefit of many adaptation measures, helping to deliver on the 29/41% target by 2030.
- Bappenas has mainstreamed emissions reduction targets across five sectors: waste management, industry, energy and transportation, forestry and peatland, and agriculture. Overall, fire prevention remains a top priority to achieve emission reduction targets.