The past decade witnessed major reforms in Indonesia’s justice sector. In 2004, the administrative responsibilities of the lower branches of the judiciary, formerly administered by the Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Religious Affairs and the Armed Forces were transferred to the Supreme Court. At the policy level the Supreme Court established two blueprints: first in 2003 and the last one in 2010 stipulating Indonesia’s Judicial Reform 2010 – 2035 as an update of the previous blueprints to be implemented through five-year work plans.
However, the Indonesian judiciary continues to need support to implement their reform agendas, albeit to different degrees. There are a number of critical issues to be addressed for the advancement of the reforms in the judiciary. These are: (i) Integrity, (ii) Quality of justice service delivery (i.e. Institutional Capacity), and (iii) Access to justice. The rationale behind this is two-fold: (1) the judiciary sits at the head of the law enforcement system and has the ultimate decision-making power to impart justice; (2) its mandate is extensive and covers almost all aspects of public life - i.e. from criminal to administrative and civil matters. Therefore an exemplary judiciary is not only essential to instil public trust in the law enforcement system but the entire state apparatus.
Support for Justice Sector Reform in Indonesia (SUSTAIN) Project is a five-year project that started in 2014 with the overall objective of enhancing public trust in the judicial system through support to the Government of Indonesia in strengthening the rule of law. The specific objective is to increase the transparency, integrity and accountability of the judiciary and the quality of justice services delivered to the people. The project is expected to achieve the following results:
- Internal and external oversight mechanisms of the judiciary enhanced;
- Knowledge and skills of judges and court staff are enhanced and capacity of the Supreme Court Training Centre strengthened.
- Human Resources and Organization Management via integrated Human Resources performance management databases enhanced, advanced Human Resources policies effectively implemented, and a Judicial Reform Team Office strengthened;
- Case Management System and procedures of the judiciary to improve transparency, quality of case data and decisions, and timeliness of case handling are enhanced.
The project will be implemented under the framework of the UNDP Country Programme Action Plan (CPAP) for the period of 2011 to2015 with the Supreme Court designated as the Implementing Partner funded by European Union (EU). UNDP will provide support to the Supreme Court in implementing the project and producing all the expected results.
Indonesia's justice sector reform plans have been conceptualised in several documents within the overarching framework of the National Long-Term Development Plan from 2005 to 2025 and the National Mid-Term Development Plan for the period of 2010 to 2014. Institutional reforms in the judiciary, the prosecution and the police have been identified as the key components of the Government's overall bureaucratic reform agenda.
This Support for Reform Justice Sector in Indonesia Project builds on the previous EU Support to the Supreme Court (GGIJ) and complements the ongoing EU programmes on: (1) Public Financial Management for the period of 2008 to 2012, in particular in enhancing tax organizational capacity and integrity; (2) Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) for the period of 2006 to2011, specifically on improving forest law and its enforcement; and (3) Strengthening the Rule of Law and Security for the period of 2009 to2012, focusing on improving institutional and operational capacity of law enforcement and judicial bodies to investigate, prosecute and adjudicate serious crimes (e.g. corruption, transnational crimes).
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