Opening Remark UNDP Indonesia Country Director at SDGs First Panel Discussion with Kompas DailyMay 26, 2016
Your Excellency(ies) …….
Representatives of ministries and agencies,
Ibu Ninuk Mardiana Pambudy, Deputy Editor-in-Chief of Kompas Daily and her team, our partner in making this event possible
Other speakers in this discussion;
Deputy Minister of National Development Planning for Human, Health and Cultural Development Dr. Subandi,
Second Asisstant of West Nusa Tenggara Provincial Secretariat for the Economy and Development Mr. Lalu Gita Ariadi,
Executive Director of International NGO Forum on Indonesia Development Mr. SugengBahagijo,
Executive Board Chairman of Perhimpunan Filantrofi Indonesia Mr. Timotheus Lesmana,
Development partners, lecturers and students of Development studies
Members of the media,
Distinguished ladies and gentlemen,
Good morning. It is a great honor for me to speak at this UNDP Kompas event on the Sustainable Development Goals.
This event is being organized in the context of a new partnership that UNDP and Kompas have we forging over the last few months around development issues in Indonesia, and the SDGs in particular. Let me therefore thank Kompas and particularly Ibu Ninuk for organizing and hosting today's event. Let me also recognize the other members of the panel and thank all of you for being present.
I would first like to share some reflections on the experience in Indonesia for the MDGs because this experience can usefully inform our work on the SDGs.
First, it should be recognized that Indonesia has performed well against for the MDGs. I can give a few examples to illustrate this assessment: Indonesia has met 48 out of the 67 indicators targeted by the government. The country has been able to reduce the percentage of people living in poverty from 20.60% (baseline) to 5.90% in 2015. Nearly 100% of children in Indonesia have completed basic education, with equal participation between girls and boys. Some provinces like NTB have been championing the MDGs, and. Along remarkable development progress, which was recognized by the Governor of NTB receiving last week from the President of Indonesia the MDG award, together with the Governors of Jakarta and Central Sulawesi. At the same time, progress has been limited and targets have not been met , for instance on maternal or infant mortality rates.. The percentage of people living in hunger or experiencing malnutrition still needs to be further reduced. regional disparities remain significant, with poverty rates in provinces like Papua being well above the national average. People’s access to water and sanitation still needs to be increased in many parts of the country. .The message here is that there is still some unfinished MDG work, but it is also that the MDGs experience have shown us that with political will, commitment at central and local level and adequate flows of resources significant progress can be achieved, and this what should inspire us for the SDGs.
Let me therefore now turn to the SDGs.
As we all know, The Republic of Indonesia as a member State of the UN has committed to the new global development agenda adopted at the UN headquarters with Vice President Yusuf Kalla attending. What I would like to emphasize is that the Government has then made a specific commitment to act quickly and start early the SDG implementation. I understand that this readiness came to a lesson learned from the MDG and the feeling that Indonesia was slow in starting with the MDGs implementation. UNDP of course welcomes this commitment to start early th SDG work in Indonesia.
Early this year the government, with support from UNDP, established a temporary Secretariat for SDGs at the National Development Planning Agency/Bappenas. The Secretariat is tasked to lay the groundwork for the implementation and mainstreaming of the goals into the development planning at national level but a,so at the local one. To succeed we need to bring the SDGs to the provinces, to the district and to the villages!
In that context a few points may be worth highlighting that UNDP regards as particularly crucial.
The first one is that the SDGs is a comprehensive development agenda as we can see from the number of goals:17, but it is an integrated agenda, meaning that those goals need to be understood and approached not as parallel but as inter related ones. Improving education helps reduce poverty by giving children better change to for their adult life. Poverty must be combined with environment protection because only then can Indonesia take a sustainable development path.
Secondly, the SDGs are not separate from the national development agenda. Rather a UNDP analysis that we did last October and that I will very much encourage you to read shows that there is a strong convergence between the SDGs and the Nawacita and the RPJMN. This is a good starting point and what we need to do is build this convergence further ensuring that all the goals and all the relevant targets are part of it. As the next step, the SDGs will need to be integrated into the planning and the budgeting processes of line Ministries and local Governments. The national and local Plans of Actions that are being prepared with the support of the SDG Secretariat will be an important step in the respect.
Thirdly, partnerships is a central dimension of the SDGs. The formulation of the 2030 agenda was extraordinarily participatory, including all Governments, but also the civil society, philanthropy, the civil society as well as individuals though on line consultations. This inclusive approach , which UNDP very actively supports, needs to be kept as we move towards the implementation stage of the SDGs. AsI understand, Indonesia has taken important step in that respect by including representatives from the civil society and the. Private sector in the Steering Committee and other structures that will steer, monitor and operationalize the SDG implementation. The participation of the non State actors will be valuable with the provision of their experience, perspectives, ideas and resources, both human and financial.
This brings to my fourth point, which is financing for the SDGs. The realization of the SDGs in financing terms will come from two main sources. One is domestic public resources through the national budgets, and contributions from the private sector not only though corporate social responsibility but through innovative funding mechanism, for instance impact investments. Indonesia with the support of UNDP, the UK and Sweden has made some pioneering work regarding climate change public expenditures. The methodology developed to tag and track the allocation of national budget resources to address climate change can now be used for SDGs public financing, and we will continue our close cooperation with the Ministry of Finance and the Fiscal Policy Agency to work towards this.
Finally, to succeed the Global goals need to be known not on,y by Governments, international partners and other stakeholders, they need to be know and owned by the people. In Indonesia we need to make sure that the 255 million citizens of Indonesia are aware of the goal, of the commitment of their Government to meet them, but that they also can contribute to the Goals through participatory approaches and citizen feedback mechanisms that we see more and more in Indonesia, though individual initiatives that can make a real difference at community level and beyond, and also to encourage the modification of individual behaviors for instance to protect the environment. Saying no to plastic bags is a contribution to the SDGs.
I am particularly delighted with the presence of various different actors in this discussion;officials from the national and local governments, development partners, NGOs and CSOs, the private sector, philanthropy organizations, academicians, and certainly the media, which is represented by Kompas here, and can play a major role in helping disseminate the SDG messages to the Indonesian people. Tomorrow will bet he National Awakening Day, recalling the history and the significance of this day for independent Indoenesia, this is a good opportunity to underscore the potential of the SDGs to build a better and stronger Indonesia and improve the life of its people.
UNDP, together with other UN agencies, is very ready to work with all of you to make the SDGs the success and prosperity of Indonesia.