New UNDP Report Highlights Indonesia’s Progress in Judiciary Transparency by Using Automation and TechnologyApr 8, 2016
Digitising court documents and statistics in Indonesia has helped increase transparency for people who can access judgements online, reduce bureaucracy, and achieve efficiency, according to a new report published by the United Nations Development Programme on 8 April 2016.
The global report titled A Transparent and Accountable Judiciary to Deliver Justice for All cites that the digital publication of verdicts by the Supreme Court has been a game changer in that it allows for external scrutiny and for comparison of verdicts.
Today about 1.5 million verdicts are available for the public to access and examine. Judges are now required to publish court decisions online as the result of the implementation of Chief Justice Decree No. 144/2007 on Transparency of Court Information aimed at promoting transparency and disclosure of court information to the public.
The report also cites that although much progress in judicial transparency and accountability has been made post-Reformasi since the early 2000s, more gains can be made for a transparent and fair judiciary in Indonesia.
UNDP Country Director Christophe Bahuet emphasized the importance of justice sector reform in Indonesia.
"An effective, transparent and accountable judicial system is essential to national development, democratic governance and citizens' equal rights. The UNDP Report shows the positive change that information technology and innovation has brought to Indonesian courts. It also offers directions for further reforms drawing from UNDP worldwide experience. "
Mr. Bahuet added that UNDP will continue to work with the Government, the European Union and all other stakeholders for justice sector reform in Indonesia.
With funding from the European Union and working with the Supreme Court, UNDP implements a five-year project Support for Reform of the Justice Sector in Indonesia (SUSTAIN).
Chief Technical Adviser of the EU-UNDP SUSTAIN Project, Gilles Bianchi said, “The country’s judicial reform is on the right track with the prioritization of automation that enhances the system transparency. The new Case Tracking System results in greater integrity in justice delivery.”
On the global scale, the report concludes that corrupt judicial systems are a major impediment to ensuring access to justice and human rights for ordinary citizens across the world.
The report also cites global survey data that suggests that the public perceive the judiciary as the second most corrupt public institution, after the police. Globally one in four people said they paid a bribe to court officials, according to a 2013 survey by the NGO Transparency International that covered 95 countries.
“Judicial corruption disproportionately affects the poorest and most marginalised citizens of a community because they are far less likely to be able to pay a bribe or have access to influential networks,” said Patrick Keuleers, Director, Governance and Peacebuilding at UNDP headquarters.
While technology is not a panacea to corruption within justice systems, modernisation and automation of judicial services can be key enablers for judicial transparency and accountability, the report adds.
The report stresses that the success of justice sector reform is predicated on strong political will and national ownership
The recently adopted 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes key targets for providing access to justice, and tackling corruption. The report provides a fresh perspective on ways to develop integrity plans as part of broader judicial reforms, by documenting inspirational experiences that countries can adopt to deliver justice for all.
The report, prepared in cooperation with the U4 Anti-corruption Resource Centre, was published by UNDP’s Regional Bureau for Asia and the Pacific and can be accessed online here.