UNDP Launches Forest Governance Iindex 2014 In IndonesiaMay 21, 2015
JAKARTA – May 21 – The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Government of Indonesia on Thursday launched a comprehensive forest governance index for Indonesia that analyses the strengths and weaknesses of forest governance in the country.
Home to the world’s third largest area of tropical forest, Indonesia plays a crucial role in the global climate change agenda. The administration of President Joko Widodo has placed forest governance as one its action priorities, and the ever-growing importance of such governance means there is stronger need for periodic analysis and assessment.
The UNDP forest governance report contains detailed policy recommendations on how to strengthen accountable and participatory forest governance, which is considered key to achieving sustainable results for the effective protection of forests and peatlands. Strengthening the governance of natural resources is emphasized in Indonesia’s 2015-2019 National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN), and the country has committed to a drastic 26% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.
UNDP Indonesia Country Director Beate Trankmann said “Improving the governance of Indonesia’s forests and strengthening enforcement mechanisms across all levels is a vital building block in strengthening forest protection and conservation. The purpose of this report is to advance our understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of forest governance in Indonesia.
The report covers 12 of Indonesia’s provinces and 2 districts in each province, those provinces accounting for more than half of the forested area in Indonesia. Using a scale of one to 100, the result in the report was an index of 35.97, showing a relatively weak forest governance system. The 2012 report had similar findings, including that much of the country’s forest degradation is linked to weak spatial planning, land tenure problems, weak law enforcement, and lack of transparency in the issuance of licenses for forest utilization.
There was also some progress, particularly in efforts to grant legal protection to customary forests, protecting the rights of indigenous people, and the restructuring of the licensing process in several regions. These findings demonstrate there have been steps in the right direction to further improve the management of forests and peatlands.
The study was conducted in close consultation with support by UN-REDD Global Programme and FAO
For more details of the findings, please refer to key messages and the report at http://www.id.undp.org/indonesia/en/home.html.