LAUNCHING OF THE WORLD’S FIRST DISASTER RECOVERY INDEXNov 27, 2013
Jakarta, 27 November 2013–The Government of Indonesia on Wednesday launched the world’s first Disaster Recovery Index (DRI), which measures the progressof recovery in communities affected by the Mount Merapi eruption in 2010 and lahar floodsin 2011.
The index is the result of a joint collaboration between the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB), the disaster risk reduction forums of Yogyakarta and Central Java, and Survey Meter, with support from UNDP. The index utilizes 22 variables to determine how communities are recovering from the volcanic eruption in terms of restoring infrastructure, housing, livelihoods, and social structures, among other things.
Indonesia is highly prone to disasters. Each year thousands of people are either directly or indirectly affected by natural disasters;many families suffer considerable loss and struggle to get their lives back in order afterwards. The DRI is a tool which is intended to help government and other stakeholders better understand the challenges that communities and individuals face when trying to put their lives back together in the aftermath of a disaster.
UNDP Indonesia’s Country Director, Beate Trankmann said the launching of the recovery index marks another major step for Indonesia, which has already made significant advancesin terms of developing disaster management institutions, tools, methodologies and approaches in recent years.
“Our mission is to help build back better – to ensure that in the future communities are better prepared not only in terms of their knowledge and awareness, but also in terms of infrastructure such as roads, housing, and so forth,” stated Beate Trankmann, UNDP Indonesia Country Director.
“Up until today, there has been no consensus on how to measure the success of post-disaster recovery programmes. How do we know that communities are better prepared for the future? That people’s lives have returned to normal? These tools that we have before us will help.They will provide extremely valuable information to policy makers on how to design long-term recovery programmes. They will also help communities and governments to build back better, socially, economically and culturally by improving our understanding of what the recovery process really requires,“ Ms. Trankmann said in her speech.
The DRI uses data collected through surveys of1,290 households that wereaffected directly and indirectly by the 2010 eruption and 2012 lahar floods, and which have since received rehabilitation and reconstruction assistance.Household surveys were conducted in 2012 in the districts ofSleman, Magelang, Klaten, and Boyolali of Central Java and Yogyakarta Provinces.
The household survey uses long term data to compare the situation in a community before a disaster to after the disaster and following the implementation of rehabilitation and reconstruction programmes. By gathering data over a period of time, thesurvey can be used to measure the extent to which affected community members haverecovered. The household survey also measures community resilience, which is particularly important since Merapi is a permanent hazard.
The index shows that thehousing sector has been the fastest to recover. Prior tothe disaster, the score for this sector was 79.47, dropping to 37.02 after the eruption and lahar flood. Despite the significant damage sustained,by the end of 2012 the DRI score had increased sharply to 80.13, better than before the disaster. By comparison, the productive economy and infrastructure sectors have been much slower to recover, and are still at scores lower than prior to the disaster. Overall, the Disaster Recovery Index also shows that the district of Magelang, with a score of 33.83, is ahead of other districts in terms of its recovery from the disaster. This is followed by Sleman(29.47 points), Boyolali(23.51 points)and Klaten(13.83 points).
In December 2013, a second round of household surveyswill be conductedwiththe same households surveyed in 2012. The second survey will measure the extent of recovery and resilience in the second year of the rehabilitation and reconstructionprogramme. As such, it will provide inputs for continuedrehabilitation and reconstructionprogrammes.
For details of the study, please visit this link: bit.ly/1coMtXvContact informationTomi Soetjipto
UNDP Communication Analyst