Indonesia is also one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world, susceptible to tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, floods, landslides, droughts and forest fires. According to the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB), 644 disasters occurred in 2010; claiming the lives of 1,711 people, while 1,398,923 people were injured or reported missing. A total of 14,639 houses were irreparably damaged, while 2,839 houses were moderately damaged and 25,030 houses slightly damaged. Effective mitigation of the economic and social impacts of disasters remains a challenge. According to the Natural Hazards Risk Atlas (2011), out of 196 countries, Indonesia has the ninth highest economic risk from natural disasters.
In 2011, UNDP, in close partnership with the Government of Indonesia, worked to ensure policy and regulatory frameworks were in place to increase Indonesia’s resilience to crisis and external shocks. UNDP has also continued to strengthen the capacity of national and subnational institutions, and that of multistakeholder forums, in conflict prevention, postcrisis recovery, and risk reduction. Assistance to these institutions and forums has included support to the development and application of appropriate crisis management tools and mechanisms.more