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What we do
A project funded by the New Zealand’s Government International Aid and Development Programme and the Netherland was launched in 2006 by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Indonesia which was aimed to accelerate the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) focusing on Papua and West Papua provinces, i.e. Tanah Papua. The areas towards the Eastern part of Indonesia’s archipelago registered double the 12.36 percent prevalence of Indonesia’s poverty rate due to disparity to the disbursement of the state’s income and limited accessibility from the remote geographical location according to the National Development Planning Agency’s (BAPPENAS) report in 2012. Tanah Papua was also recorded with the lowest Human Development Index (HDI) in Indonesia in 2009 as per BAPPENAS’s 2011 report. Development in Tanah Papua has been challenged despite’s the two provinces rich natural resources. These challenges have also been compounded by its sensitive social dynamics, susceptibility to crises and low capacity of public services.
The project had supported to expedite the development in Tanah Papua through forging successful partnerships with the Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) to collectively address the lack of basic services provision such as roads and public transportation that are vital to the communities to access public facilities such as schools and health clinics. The project later on was further developed in 2010 to focus on capacity development, one that seeks to standardize as well as improve the education and health services in the areas. The key achievements of the project include successful pilots in Yahukimo District, Papua Province and Minyambou District, West Papua. Meanwhile, there have been numerous training courses designed and targeted for the Government institutions in these two provinces that tackle the much needed knowledge of MDGs and HDI focused policy making, planning and budgeting.
Access to Vital Public Services Improved
The lack of vital infrastructures such as transportation and road access for the rural and isolated areas hinders community’s ability to access vital public services such as health and education centres. PCDP had established collaboration with 79 CSOs throughout Tanah Papua with which basic public service deliveries have been carried out in 12 pilot districts in Papua and West Papua provinces. The outcome of this collaboration had resulted to about 40,000 communities enabled access. PCDP had disbursed grants at a value of USD 3.8 million throughout a three-year period to set up parallel schools in remote and previously inaccessible areas, basic hygiene trainings and alternative energy source. Some of the model projects have later on been replicated by the local government, particularly by the Village Community Empowerment and Family Welfare Agency (Badan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Kampung dan Kesejahteraan Keluarga/BPMK-KK). Key achievements in this include as follows:
- Increased budget allocation from the governments of Papua and West Papua provinces specifically on the health and education sectors.
- The first initiative launched by the District governments of Sarmi, Yapen and Mimika, Papua Province that allocated a portion of the government budget (APBD) to fund local CSOs including as health and education service providers.
- Similar initiatives replicated by development partners such as USAID intervention with CSOs to improve access to education within 20 villages in Ninia District, Papua Province.
Integrated Health and Education Services Spearheaded by Civil Society Organizations
Throughout 2011 to date, PCDP has been working closely with the government to standardize the health and education services provided through the CSOs partnership. This exercise aimed to improve the quality of the health and education services. Throughout the process, coordination and inputs have consistently been sustained with development partners such as USAID. Key achievements in this include as follows:
- Basic Health and Education modules have been developed in Sarmi, Yahukimo districts, Papua Province and Minyambou District, West Papua Province. These modules cover timely and effective planning, utilizes clear planning and quality assurance mechanisms. The project seeks to encourage the local Government to replicate the implementation of the modules together with CSOs specifically throughout the areas with critical gaps within the health and education sectors.
- According to xxx, there have been about 12,800 people (26 percent of targeted residents) located in remote and difficult to access locations who have been able to enjoy basic health and education services throughout 2011 to 2012.
- CSOs staff were coached on Project Cycle Management. CSOs have demonstrated increased capacity to plan, budget, implement, monitor and report on service provision as a result.
Planning and Budgeting Exercises have now considered the Indigenous Papuans
PCDP has developed successful partnerships with the Regional Planning and Development Agencies (Badan Perencanaan dan Pembangunan Daerah/BAPPEDA) and government departments (Satuan Kerja Perangkat Daerah/SKPD) in Papua and West Papua provinces. These partnerships include capacity building support for strategic planning and budgeting. PCDP has embedded Regional Planning officers throughout key government offices to help facilitate the pro-poor and MDGs based planning. This support resulted to successful development of action plans which include increased provisions for basic social services. Government budgets for both education and health in Papua and West Papua have increased from 2 percent (in 2006) to 15 percent (by the end of 2010). The creation of MDG and Human Development Reports has also provided a strong basis for the development of medium-term and annual development plans. According to the Central Statistics Agency (Badan Pusat Statistik/BPS), poverty in Papua and West Papua has dropped from 41.52 in 2006 to 36.80 in 2010. This provides an indication of the relevance of PCDP, which despite a number of challenges, has put in place important structures for future development efforts. Key achievements in this area include as follows:
- Provincial Human Development (PHDR) and MDGs reports for Papua and West Papua provinces developed with the support of PCDP.
- A regional Gender Action plans were developed with the support of PCDP to two provincial gender mainstreaming working groups.
- Pro-poor Planning, Budgeting and Monitoring (P3BM) implementation had increased at 33 percent throughout the two provinces. This means data for the Mid-term Development Plans (Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Daerah/RPJMD) are based on the P3BM. The provincial governments of Papua and West Papua provinces have utilized P3BM tools including poverty maps as a point of reference for their annual development planning consultation (Musyawarah Rencana Pembangunan/Musrenbang) and in the formulation of respective MDGs Action plans.
- Data forums established in Jayawijaya, Mimika and Yahukimo districts, Papua Province and Raja Ampat, Manokwari, Fakfak and Teluk Wondama districts, West Papua Province. These data forums allowed the government institutions to identify development needs, data discrepancies, and align sectoral data which are useful for the government planning and budgeting exercises.
Livelihoods Expanded through Micro-Enterprise Support
Another focus area for PCDP includes the regulatory framework support that influences the economic growth for Indigenous Papuans. The project seek to influence policy making for better market access for the poor and strengthen the capacity of key economic actors. Key achievements in this area include as follows:
- Household survey conducted in Tanah Papua to identify income levels of target beneficiary households, popular commodities and products and capacity gaps. The data then serves as the baselines for local economic activities and its monitoring exercise.
- Access to finance constraint was identified through a PCDP-supported study. Findings led to the needs of linking between micro-finance institutions to business development service providers. Subsequently, the findings will be channeled to identify suitable micro-finance institutions to channel credit to Indigenous Papuans. There are about 450 entrepreneurs expected to access capital from partner credit institutions to start up and/or expand small-medium enterprises (SMEs).
- Five Business Development Service providers (BDSPs) have been established and trained on xxx to support business incubation. These entities were activated in Sarmi, Jayawijaya and Boven Digoel districts, Papua Province and Fakfak as well as Manokwari district, West Papua Province.
Strengthened Donor Coordination and Harmonization
The project also seeks to enhance the local government on coordination and harmonization of collective efforts in development so as to avoid overlapping of resources utilization. PCDP had supported BAPPEDA to lead regular coordination meetings with development partners. In parallel to this, PCDP also support the Unit for Acceleration of Development in Papua and West Papua provinces (Unit Percepatan Pembangunan Papua dan Papua Barat/UP4B) in coordinate and monitor the accelerated development efforts.
UNDP Indonesia Country Office
Menara Thamrin 8-9th Floor
Jl. MH Thamrin Kav. 3
- Project start date
- Estimated end date
- Partners on ground
- Focus area
- Poverty Reduction
- Geographic focus
- Papua and West Papua Provinces
- Programme manager
- Lany Harijanti
- Head of unit
- Nurina Widagdo
- Project board
- Bappenas, Bappeda