Strengthening Community-Based Forestry and Watershed Management (SCBFWM)

What We Do


The “Strengthening Community Based Forest and Watershed Management”  (SCBFWM) project is designed to back up the Government's programme on community-based forest and watershed management, by addressing inequitable distribution of benefits from forest resources and lack of capacity of local authorities, as major underlying causes of land and forest degradation. The project is specifically designed to complement the five-year national pledge of approximately USD 300 million to rehabilitate degraded forest and land distributed in 282 prioritized watersheds located in 400 districts (32 provinces), and the Indonesia’s annually approved Reforestation Fund at district level.

The project will develop a framework for Community Based Forest and Watershed Management (CBFWM) implementation, including institutional strengthening at all levels (community, local, district and national) and removal of fundamental barriers related to policy and capacity constraints, as well as awareness, communication and monitoring and evaluation. Pilot projects of community based forest and watershed management models to be show-windows of the project will be developed to cover critical watersheds and landscapes.

As the objective of the project is to support the Government of Indonesia’s efforts in reducing forest and land degradation in order to restore watershed function and ecosystem services – there are three outputs to fulfil the objective. These three outputs have been identified, which correspond with the three barriers to effective measure to reduce forest and land degradation identified above.

The three outputs are:

  1. Six critical watersheds with diverse ecological and socio-economic conditions demonstrate improved management using CBFWM
  2. Governmental agencies provide support to formulate to the development of CBFM initiatives
  3. Coordination among and between different levels of government generate consistent policies and programmes that support CBFWM

Key Milestones


Progress made in this reporting period includes but not limited to:

  • The development of Integrated Watershed Management Plan of 6 project sites has increased the awareness and the participation of local stakeholders to rehabilitate and restore forest and watershed condition by involving local communities. Empowerment of 70 Community-Based Organizations (CBOs) including nine women groups (CBOs) and six women sub-group;
  • 72 CBOs in 2013 received small grant for rehabilitation of degraded forest and lands, improvement of farmer's income welfare through non-timber forest products;
  • 476 members of CBO (33% of them are women) participated in the technical and non-technical training;
  • Substantive production of CBOs:  tree seedlings, sheep, cows, ducks, chickens, honey, fishponds, operational of water supply facilities for more than 500 households, micro hydro power plants for 50 households and rafting ecotourism;
  • Two NGOs throughout the project sites collaborated with the project based on grants scheme to conduct CBOs empowerment;
  • One Participatory Watershed Management Plan (Miu) legalized by Bupati in addition to 5 management plans and work plan of CBOs in all project sites;
  • Gender Action Plans (West Lampung, Toba Samosir, Wonosobo, Banjarnegara and Kupang) are recognized by local government;
  • CBFWM models developed;
  • Partnerships between CBOs and private sector, NGO and local government institutions:
  • Journalist field visits to promote and disseminate the projects results;
  • National exhibitions;
  • Media products for project communication and promotion;
  • Facilitation of activities for CBO and watershed fora;
  • 51 government staff trained;
  • North Sumatera Provincial Regulation and Banjarnegara District Regulation on Watershed Management are issued, Drafts of Forestry Ministerial Decree developed as follow-up on Government Regulation No. 37/2012 on Watershed Management. Provincial Regulation Draft on Incentives for Environmental Services, District Regulation Draft on Forest Resources Management and District Regulation Draft on CBFWM have been submitted to local parliament in 2013;
  • 31 Village Regulation on water, watershed, forest and environment management have been developed.

For more information about the work of SCBFWM, please visit


UNDP Indonesia Country Office
Menara Thamrin 8-9th Floor
Jl. MH Thamrin Kav. 3 
Jakarta 10250
Phone: +62-21-3141308
Fax: +62-21-39838941

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