Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB)
What We Do
The Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Indonesia is part of the global partnership program that has been participated by 25 countries as one of the efforts to support low-emission development strategy in achieving sustainable development targets. With its implementing partners such as the President’s Delivery Unit for Development and Oversight (UKP4) and State Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS), this program is directed to accelerate the realisation of voluntary Greenhouse Gases (GHG) reduction targets in Indonesia.
To support the Government of Indonesia with its commitment to reduce GHG emission by 26 per cent using domestic resources and 41 per cent with international support by 2020 from the Business-As-Usual scenario, LECB Indonesia uses a cross-sectorial Green Economy (GE) approach as a nesting framework, based on resource efficiency, low carbon development, and resilient economic growth. With this GE approach, LECB Indonesia aims to create coherence between all sectors that works to achieve green development.
The approach is aligned with the objectives stated in various relevant development plans and strategies such as the National Action Plan for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions (RAN-GRK) and National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN). RAN-GRK guide the industry sector such as cement, pulp and paper, oil and gas, and power generating; while RPJMN deal with the transportation sector such as mass rapid transportation, fuel converter kit, transit oriented kit, and vehicle standardisation. Therefore, the GE approaches integrated into the RPJMN and RAN-GRK act as the basis to prepare the country for Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) implementation. NAMAs refer to any action that reduce emissions in developing countries like Indonesia and is prepared under the umbrella of a national governmental initiative, which in this program is driven by UKP4 with BAPPENAS.
To build and strengthen the capacities at national and sub-national Government institutions, LECB Indonesia is targeted towards the formulation of the finance-ready NAMAs and credible, country-owned Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) systems. The MRV system is a process/concept that potentially supports greater transparency in the climate change regime. In overall, both of these systems are linked to the efforts of GHG emission reduction in the transport sector and selected industrial sub-sector as pilot.
The implementation of the program will be conducted in the Greater Jakarta area (Jabodetabek) to support the improvement of low-emission development framework appropriate to the local context and can be scaled up and replicated in other urban areas.
There are three main focuses of this program. These focus areas are as follows:
- To contribute to the financial readiness of the RAN-GRK;
- To accelerate the GHG emission reduction specifically in the transport and industry sector, and
- To ensure the adoption of cross-sectorial GE approaches to address climate change mitigation
- Then these three focus are subsequently expected to deliver three main outputs, which include as follows:
- GE approaches integrate into the RPJMN for the period of 2015 to 2019 and the RAN-GRK to prepare Indonesia for NAMAs implementation
- Finance-ready NAMAs designed and developed for Greater Jakarta area (Jabodetabek), and
- Proposing MRV systems for NAMAs
As LECB Indonesia is a critical platform to support the transition towards a Green Economy, a positive progress in the program has been noted in the last quarter of 2013 seeing from the result of Indonesia Green Economy Model (I-GEM) Policy Paper. I-GEM is a system dynamic simulation model that aims to inform policy planning for the long-term transition from a brown to a low carbon footprint, green economy approach. I-GEM Policy Paper also developed three new indicators to plan and track the transformation to a green economy model. The green economy indicators include Green GDP, GDP of the Poor, and Decent Green Jobs. Green GDP is an alternative measure of GDP growth that accounts for the externalities caused by natural capital destruction. Decent Green Jobs, which have been developed by the ILO, measures job creation in a green economic transition. While the GDP of the Poor measures the proportion of income of poor households derived from ecosystem services in light of their comparatively higher reliance on these services compared to richer households. As a result, this I-GEM Policy Paper is developed as the point of reference for the BAPPENAS towards the next RPJMN for period 2015 to 2019.
With the outcome of I-GEM, the project also introduces the application of System Dynamic (SD) Modelling to the green economy. SD Modelling is a modelling method that was developed to answer questions about the dynamic tendency of complex systems, and the behaviour generated by the system in the progression of time. SD models in relation to the green economy, is expected to show the behaviour and analysis of its main three indicators (Green GDP, GDP of the Poor and Decent Green Jobs).
To support this practice, LECB Indonesia facilitated two trainings for both national level and provincial level, acknowledging the divergence of model scale (macro/micro), and background setting of each location. The trainings on ‘Introduction and Application of System Dynamic’ were held in Jakarta and province of Central Kalimantan attended by the BAPPENAS, Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Transport, relevant provincial offices/services, and representatives from local university.
By implementing mapping exercise and stakeholders consultations during the trainings, it helped participants to identify NAMA-related activities and also related activity data to support the MRV aspects in Greater Jakarta area. Hence, these trainings have provided an in-depth introduction on basic concept of NAMAs, and MRV with specific focus towards the industry and transport sectors.
A capacity building support event also conducted within the Focus Group Discussion (FDG) activities. The FGDs were intended to identify, design and develop finance-ready NAMAs proposal including its feasibility study, in the transport and industry sub-sector. Related stakeholders such as the Regional Body for Planning and Development (BAPPEDA), Regional Environmental Agency (BLHD), Ministry of Transportation, TransJakarta, and Ministry of Housing and Development also took part in this event. From this event, LECB Indonesia aims to develop MRV system design for proposed NAMA, support GHG inventory at respective level, and quickly execute Indonesian Government’s commitment in reducing emission levels into realisation.
The UNDP-LECB Indonesia is implemented under UNDP LECB Global Programme, which is supported by European Union, AusAID, the Federal Ministry for the Environment and Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety of the German Government.
UNDP Indonesia Country Office
Menara Thamrin 8-9th Floor
Jl. MH Thamrin Kav. 3