Environment & Energy

  • Hydrofluorocarbons Phase Out Management Plan (HPMP)

    In the 1970s, scientists discovered certain man-made compounds contributed to the depletion of the Ozone Layer. These are the Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) that have both Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) and Global Warming Potential (GWP). The compounds can be found in such every-day household items as refrigerators, Styrofoam cups, spray deodorants and cushions. In 1984,

  • Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB)

    The Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Indonesia is part of the global partnership program that has been participated by 25 countries as one of the efforts to support low-emission development strategy in achieving sustainable development targets.

  • Application of biochar technology in Indonesia: Sequestering carbon in the soil, improving crop yield and providing alternative clean energy BIOCHAR Project Indonesia

    As one of the first countries to commit to a significant reduction in its greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions, the Government of Indonesia is leading the way towards a greener future. Indonesia aims to reduce emission levels by 26 percent by 2020, below the business-as-usual trajectory, and by 41 percent with adequate international support.

  • Strategic Planning and Action to strengthen climate resilience of Rural Communities in Nusa Tenggara Timor Province SPARC

    The province of East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) is located in the eastern part of Indonesia. It consists of about 550 islands, with Flores, Sumba and West Timor as the main islands. NTT is one of the poorest provinces in Indonesia with a poverty incidence of 25.7%, compared to 16% nationally (Source: Central Statistics Agency, BPS – 2008). T h e comparatively high level of poverty is a chronic problem, and has been for decades. This is also reflected in the Human Development Index (HDI) for NTT which continues to be far behind the national HDI. While the national HDI today reflects the status of a middle income country, the HDI for NTT is at the level of a least developed country such as Lao PDR. The disparity between NTT and the rest of Indonesia is of concern in terms of social and political stability in the province.


    Palm oil and its derivatives are part of thousands of products across the globe today. One can find it in biodiesel, soap, doughnuts as well as soap, to mention only a few. Since 1990, palm oil consumption has quintupled worldwide. The demand in Asia, where palm oil is used in cooking oil, accounts for a $44 billion industry. Indonesia is the world’s largest producer of palm oil, with a forecasted annual growth in production of 10%. Early 2013, exports from Indonesia hit a five-year high.

  • Wind Hybrid Power Generation Marketing Development Initiatives WHyPGen Indonesia

    Since 1980, the total primary energy demand in Indonesia has grown rapidly at an average of 4.6% per year, while GDP has grown at 4.8% per year. According to the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources (MEMR), Indonesia still needs 35,000 MW of electricity before 2015. In anticipation of a future electricity crisis, the National Electricity Company (PLN) has encouraged the investment and promotion of renewable energy (RE) generation by private electricity companies (IPPs) so that they may immediately set up new RE power projects to supplement the current limited fossil power generation that is experiencing outages.

  • Microturbine Cogeneration Technology Application Project MCTAP Indonesia

    ndonesia faces an ever-increasing demand for electricity. It is estimated that between 2000 and 2005, the demand grew 4.5 times. Since 1999, the Government of Indonesia has advocated for a gradual shift from diesel-based generation, and put its priority on alternative energies, including renewable energies. However, there are factors that impact the effective utilization of alternatives to oil.

  • Developing a pro-poor Biogas model for dairy farmers in East Java Switch to BIOGAS

    Switch to BIOGAS (209-2011) is a pilot project on integrated biogas technology in Lumajang District, East Java Province, implemented by UNDP in collaboration with the Lumajang district government with support from the Korean Energy Management Corporation (KEMCO). The implementation of an integrated energy-environment-economy approach has resulted in access to biogas energy for low-income farmers, better environmental and sanitation conditions, an increase in farmer’s income and the promotion of local investment in the fish feed and organic fertilizer sectors.

  • Barriers Removal to the cost-effective development of energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling BRESL Indonesia

    Over the past decade, Asia has had an average growth rate in energy use of 3.7%, more than twice the global average of 1.6%. With the rapid economic growth in many countries in the region, the demand for major appliances and equipment is expected to keep increasing. EnergyEfficiency Standards and Labeling (ES&L) programmes and policies are an effective way of improving energy efficiency and to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. ES&L programmes are also among the most cost-effective types of policies to mitigate global climate change


Climate change is a reality and urgent actions on climate change adaptation and mitigation are required. With an over 80,000 km long cost line and 17,000 islands, many people in Indonesia are depending on climate sensitive sectors such as agriculture, forestry and coastal community economies.