Safer Communities through Disaster Risk Reduction in Development (SC-DRR) Phase II
The Phase II of the Safer Communities through Disaster Risk Reduction in Development (SC-DRR) Project will scale up the initiatives delivered by Phase I of the Project (Sep 2007 – Mar 2013). lts main goal is to make disaster risk reduction a normal part of the development process, one that is embedded in the core functions of the central and local governments and the public and private partners. Particular emphasis is placed on local communities, where the most direct actions can be taken to reduce people's vulnerability to the adverse impacts of disasters. The project aims to achieve two main outputs: (1) Policy guidance developed to support the integration of DRR in development planning and specific sectors; (2) Technical capacities of disaster management (DM) actors strengthened to plan, implement, and monitor DRR. The National Agency for Disaster Management (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana - BNPB) is the lmplementing Partner of this project. Strategic partnerships will be maintained and strengthened with other relevant Gol ministries and agencies, as well as with public and private partners at international, national and local levels. The project is now scheduled to end on 31 December 2016. During this extended period, the project will remain to focus on output 1, particularly on finalizing the Minimum Service Standard on Disaster Management draft and output 2 on capacity development particularly on disaster statistics as in-kind contribution.
Under the SC-DRR Phase II project document, there are three sub-projects that contribute to the achievement of the above mentioned outputs:
- Enhancing Policy and Planning for Disaster Risk Reduction (EP-DRR, May 2013 - June 2015).
- lntegrated Climate-induced Disaster Risk Management (lC-DRM, May 2013 - December 2015).
- Urban Climate Risk Management (UCLIM, July 2013 - December 2015).
The targeted results under output 1 and output 2 were accomplished in 2015. A brief explanation on the achievements and ongoing support for Government of Indonesia (Gol) is provided below:
Output 1 - Policy guidance developed to support the integration of DRR in development planning and specific sectors.
Provision of recommendation to revise the existing guideline on provincial and district spatial planning for the integration of DRR perspective.
Spatial planning with thorough disaster risk reduction consideration will help to safeguard development investments and sustainability of future development initiatives. The existing provincial and district spatial plans have not yet considered the disaster risk reduction perspective. With the Ministry of Agrarian and Spatial Planning and other key stakeholders, the project has produced a recommendation followed by a technical material to integrate disaster risk reduction into the spatial planning. Following up on the recommendation and technical material, with the Ministry of Agrarian and Spatial Planning, the project has developed the DRR-sensitive spatial planning guideline. Currently, the guideline draft has been consulted with the other key stakeholders particularly BNPB. Once the draft is final and endorsed by the Ministry of Agrarian and Spatial Planning, it will be used to revise the provincial and district spatial plan.
Support improvement of risk assessment methodology with climate risks factors.
The frequency of climate-related disasters and extreme weather events is increasing and the exposure effects are concurrently increasing the vulnerability of the population. BNPB has already developed a risk assessment methodology and included climate risk parameters into the assessment exercise. Yet the methodology and parameters still require improvements. With BNPB and other key stakeholders, the project has improved the risk assessment methodology with climate risks factors. This activity was completed in 2015. BNPB is expected to use the document as a reference to improve the current risk assessment methodology.
Support to draft national guideline on local DRR planning and budgeting.
A series of study conducted by Bappenas with SC-DRR support in 2011 and 2012 have showed less than one percent from total local development budget is allocated for disaster risk reduction measures, which in general indicates the local government investment for DRR is still insufficient. With the Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA) and other key stakeholders, the project developed a guideline for local government planning and budgeting of DRR programmes. lt is expected that the guideline will assist local governments in planning and budgeting DRR programs, with an eye toward increasing the local development budget related to DRR. This activity was completed in 2015. As a follow up, still with the MOHA, BNPB, Bappenas and other key stakeholders, the project has developed a draft of Disaster Management Minimum Service Standard (Standar Pelayanan Minimal Penanggulangan Bencana/SPM PB) as mandated by the Law No 24 Year 2007 on Disaster Management and Law No. 23 Year 2014 on Local Government.
Support to produce recommendation and input for DM inclusion into next cycle of RPJMN.
The disaster management initiatives have been stipulated in the RPJMN (2010 - 2014) as priority number 9 out of 11 national development priorities. For the following national development planning cycle, the project, with Bappenas, BNPB and other key stakeholders, advocated for the inclusion of disaster management into the RPJMN 2015- 2019. As a result, disaster management is stipulated in the RPJMN 2015- 2019 under Sub-Agenda Development 7. This activity is completed in 2014 with RPJMN enacted in January 2015.
Support to formulate DRR-CCA Convergence framework with specific gender concerns.
There is a clear connection between climate change adaptation (CCA), disaster risk reduction (DRR) and gender-focused approaches to development. Despite a strong acknowledgment of this fact within government agencies in Indonesia, there is a notable absence of a convergence framework for both initiatives and the gender perspective. This creates a significant barrier for different government agencies and other development partners to build a common understanding and collaboration on these specific issues. With the leadership of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and BNPB also the other stakeholders, the project has developed a draft of DRR-CCA Convergence Framework. lt is still in an ongoing drafting process and requires a broader consultation with the key stakeholders from government and non-government institutions.
Support to formulation of climate vulnerability indicators and gender responsive guidelines to assess urban climate risks.
In line with the establishment of the above mentioned DRR-CCA Convergence Framework, a convergent methodology of CCA-DRR principles and techniques to assess climate risk is needed for development programme planning activities. The project has facilitated the formulation of climate risk indicators for urban areas regarding vulnerability to climate induced disasters.
Gender equality has been included in DRR-CCA Convergence Framework draft as well as climate vulnerability indicators and climate risk assessment methodology through utilization of sex segregated data and specific gender indicators as suggested by Bappenas. Further, the project will also ensure participation, access, benefits and meaningful involvement and leadership in decision-making process are equal for both sexes with specific targets to ensure the participation of women.
Output 2 - DM agencies in target areas effectively functioning and utilize risk assessment for DRR initiatives in partnership with multi-stakeholder DRR forum
Support to produce mechanism for data and information sharing.
The project has facilitated the initial discussion among main data providers from line ministries (BPS, BlG, BMKG) regarding DRR-CCA. BPS, BlG, and BMKG have existing memo of understanding between the institution and other line ministries in term of data and information sharing. Data and information availability and also data format compatibility are two main crucial issues. lt is concluded that a convergence of climate and disaster data and information sharing mechanism should be institutionalized. Data forum for disaster is already present yet the form is ad hoc and relies mostly on personal connection between staff in the ministries and institutions rather than a formal system or mechanism. Currently, the draft of data and information sharing mechanism is to be consulted with key data and information providers.
Support to analysis and preparatory work for next cycle DM Plan.
The Disaster Management Plan follows on the same planning cycle of RPJMN and the existing National Disaster Management Plan (Rencana Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana/Renas PB). The structure of DM Plan comprises of 1) Main Document - Generic Activities, 2) Annex A - Risk Analysis, 3) Annex B - Master Plan per Hazard, and 4) Annex C - Action Plan. The project supported BNPB to formulate three sections of DM Plan that had been incorporated in the final draft of DM Plan for 2015-2019:
- Studies and analysis for the inclusion of climate change adaptation (CCA) related programmes in the next DM Plan (2015-2019).
- Formulation of NAP DRR as Annex C of DM Plan - Refer to section V and Formulation of Chapter 5 - Executive Summary of NAP DRR in the Main Document of DM Plan.
- Formulation of Chapter 8 - Monitoring, Reporting and Evaluation in the Main Document of DM Plan.
Support to formulation of recommendation for fiscal tracking criteria/indicator.
There is a need to provide clarity on how the national government prioritizes and allocates resources for DRR. This is due to the unavailability of clear indicator/criteria to identify and track DRR resources in the current budget tracking system. Proper budget tracking will help the GOI to analyze the annual trends and ensure resources are sufficiently invested for reducing risks within development plans, harmonization between line ministries, and resources targeted to the most disaster prone areas. Bappenas with supports from the Project has conducted study and analysis of the current practices of the national government on allocating resources for DRR and develop set indicators/criteria for DRR budget tracking in regular basis.
- Support to produce training module for climate and coastal risk assessment indicators.
- Support to train government officials from three selected districts on climate and coastal risk assessment.
The project has developed modules and training concept through consultation with BNPB and Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MOEF). The modules have been tested through trainings in 3 districts in NTT Province. The training participants included government officials from different local government institutions, NGOs, academia, etc. The module will be again consulted with BNPB and MOEF based on the observations during the trainings.
Support to city government for conducting climate risks vulnerability assessment.
The project has facilitated the climate risk vulnerability assessment (CCVA) in Kupang City using the indicators produced from UCLIM activity 1.1. The assessment involved different stakeholders in the city including city government institutions, NGOs, academia, women groups, etc. lt is expected the city government will recognize climate-related risks in their area and identify the appropriate risk reduction options to build city resilience in facing climate disasters. As for Makassar city, the CCVA had been conducted in zorz by UN-Habitat, UNEP and UNDP.
Support to city government for development of participatory and gender responsive Climate Risk Management Plan
Following the CCVA exercise in Kupang and also Makassar, the project also facilitated the development of Urban Risk Management Plan (URMP) for Makassar and Kupang City. URMP is a city action plan developed by city key stakeholders with participatory process.
Get Airports Ready for Disaster (GARD)
UNDP-UNOCHA-DPDHL had established an agreement in order to get airports ready for disaster. GARD activity in lndonesia was initiated in 2009 with in-kind contribution from DPAG-DHL in a form of international trainers. Ministry of Transportation (MOT) and BNPB are the key stakeholders. Until end of 2015, 8 airports have been assessed. Starting 2012, MOT has allocated budget for GARD under its APBN and had in-house trainers. Since 2014, in addition to airport assessment, the project has facilitated the development of GARD Standard Operating Procedure (SOP). The SOP will serve as a main reference for airports to develop their own SOP responding to the hazards of the location. Currently, the SOP draft is still being finalized.
Status: On going
Project start date: April 2013
Estimated end date: 31 December 2016
Partners on ground: BNPB, Bappenas, MoHA, MoEF, MoASP, MoT
Focus area: Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation
Geographic focus: All country with 3 pilot districts, 2 pilot provincial cities
Program Manager: Christian Usfinit
Head of Unit: Budhi Sayoko
Project Board: BNPB, Bappenas, MoHA and UNDP