Safer Communities through Disaster Risk Reduction in Development

What We Do

Photo by: UNDP Indonesia

Indonesia is highly susceptible to disasters such as floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, landslides and volcanic eruptions which has caused the loss of lives, destruction of properties, setbacks to the economy and damage to the environment. As stipulated in the latest Indonesia Disaster Prone Index (Index Rawan Bencana Indonesia/IRBI), issued by the National Disaster Management Agency (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana/BNPB) in May 2011, there are more than 80 percent out of 494 districts in 27 out out 33 provinces in Indonesia are considered highly prone to natural disasters. In addition, Indonesia was found to have had the highest death toll caused by the outbreak of Avian Influenza/H5N1 in 2012. Taking into considerations the rapid urbanization, increased trade, changes in farming patterns, deforestation and changes to ecosystems, Indonesia is also known to be exposed with risk of emerging infectious diseases (EIDs). The disparities in access to preventive and curative healthcare are also likely to increase the emergence, resurgence or spread of infectious diseases in the future. With climate change and variability likely to exasperate risk,efforts are needed to enhance government capacity for climate change adaptation and disasterrisk reduction and help prepare and protect communities.

UNDP has long engaged in policy discussions with the GOI on disastermanagement and played a leading role in Aceh after the tsunami through the EmergencyResponse and Transitional Recovery (ERTR) programme, which provided a programmatic umbrellafor some $200 million of donor assistances over the period 2005 through 2011. More recentsupport has included Phase I of the SC-DRR Project, launched in 2007, and the DRR-A Project forAceh, which began in early 2009, both of which are due to be completed in June and May 2012respectively. SC-DRR is a nationally implemented project through a partnership between thegovernment and UNDP. The government has adopted it as the overall approach and frameworkfor coordinating the implementation of DRR activities in Indonesia. UNDP is also the focal point forcoordinating support from UN agencies in mainstreaming DRR in the development process.Under UNDP-GOI -2015, GOI andUNDP plan to extend SC-DRR to a second phase up to 2015 focusing on the sub-national level. Thefrequent incidents and devastating impacts of climate-related risks in the last decade is a strongbasis for SC-DRR Phase II to include the climate risk management as a part of disaster.

Key Milestones

Policy, Legal and Regulatory Frameworks

SC-DRR has helped Indonesia to ensure the safety of its communities by mainstreaming DRR principles into the development process. This was made possible to enhance the understanding of the needs in safety within the Governance and the daily lives of the communities. The key achievements include as follows:

  • Assisting the Government to formulate the National Disaster Management Plan 2010-2014 and the National Action Plan on Disaster Risk Reduction 2010-2012, both of which have been endorsed by the Government of Indonesia. Further, by working through the National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) SC-DRR was able to ensure that disaster management was prioritized in Indonesia’s current Mid-Term Development Plan (Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah-RPJM) 2010-2014. 
  • SC-DRR was also instrumental in assisting target provinces to formulate local laws in line with the national legislation and to develop local action plans. SC-DRR was more effective in provinces where local institutions demonstrated stronger capacity such as West Sumatera and Yogyakarta. 
  • SC-DRR was also instrumental in assisting target provinces to formulate local laws in line with the national legislation and to develop local action plans. SC-DRR was more effective in provinces where local institutions demonstrated stronger capacity such as West Sumatera and Yogyakarta. 
  • UNDP has also harnessed its global and regional network to exchange information and lessons learned about DRR, especially across Asia where similar DRR initiatives have been underway in response to the Indian Ocean tsunami of 26 December 2004 and other recent disasters such as floods and earthquakes. The Convergence Group has played a critical role in sharing information and understanding between GoI and the international community and continues to coordinate UN agencies and other donors engaged in disaster management in Indonesia. At the end of November 2011 SC-DRR and UNESCAP jointly sponsored a regional forum to share experiences in promoting DRR as an approach to development. 

Institutional Strengthening

Other important initiatives at the national level include support for a National Platform on DRR (PLANAS). Established in 2008 PLANAS brings civil society groups, universities, the media and the private sector together with Government to discuss policy and to coordinate public advocacy for DRR.The same is true of forums that SC-DRR has helped to establish in the target provinces. In places such as Yogyakarta where there has been strong civil society engagement from the beginning the DRR Forum appears to be highly active and effective in coordinating between government, business and the community.

SC-DRR has been instrumental in setting up a national Indonesian Disaster Information and Database (Data dan Informasi Bencana Indonesia-DIBI). Similar databases have been set up in the target provinces (DIY, NTT, Central Java, Bengkulu, West Sumatra, Maluku, North Sulawesi and Bali as well as in two non-target provinces (Aceh and East Java). By providing historical information data on disasters DIBI is a useful tool for developing risk maps, formulating disaster management plans and coordinating disaster response. SC-DRR provided training for local users and administrators in order to maintain and update the system. As a digital data base, DIBI makes disaster information easy to update, review and retrieve.

Public Awareness and Education

SC-DRR has been instrumental in helping the Ministry of Education (MoNe) formulate the National Strategy on Disaster Education. SC-DRR has also supported the development of a comprehensive disaster education curriculum, with separate volumes tailored for students in elementary, junior high and senior high schools. The 15-volume set of books will serve as a reference for Indonesian schools that have access to these materials.

SC-DRR is helping to develop a National Strategy on Increasing Public Awareness on DRR, and has supported media campaigns in the target provinces.

Community Level DRR Initiatives

SC-DRR was designed to link policy work at the national level with demonstration projects in eight target provinces and one target city. This is an effective approach for a new policy area and one that plays to UNDP’s strengths.  As stated noted in the SC-DRR project document, “the real backbone of disaster risk reduction is development at local levels that takes into account disaster risks faced by [communities]”. The project was designed to demonstrate how DRR principles can be integrated into local development. Proposed activities included training of masons on earthquake-resistant building techniques, working with local lending programs to ensure that DRR considerations were made a prerequisite for construction loans, and using central government block grant money to support disaster risk assessments. Other proposed community level activities included local disaster preparedness and evacuation planning. The strategy, according to the project document, was to ensure that each demonstration was linked to development expenditures to ensure that DRR practices [were] implemented “as a part of development projects using funds and budgets normally used for development that are outside of [SC-DRR] project resources.”

SC-DRR called for proposals from local NGOs to implement community-level DRR in the target communities. The ‘call for proposals’ suggested a range of possible outputs that might be proposed in order to build ‘resilient villages’ (desa tangguh).

Contact



UNDP Indonesia Country Office
Menara Thamrin 8-9th Floor
Jl. MH Thamrin Kav. 3 
Jakarta 10250
Phone: +62-21-3141308
Fax: +62-21-39838941

Project Overview
Status
Active
Project start date
2007
Estimated end date
March 2013
Partners on ground
BNPB, Bappenas, MoHA, MoNE, MoT
Focus area
Disaster Risk Redution
Geographic focus
All country with 8 pilot provinces and one pilot provincial city
Program Manager
Malikah Amril
Head of Unit
Kristanto.sinandang@undp.org
Project Board
BNPB, Bappenas, MoHA (and UNDP)