6 Ensure environmental sustainability

Where we are?


Achieving a majority of the targets for ensuring environmental preservation still require a great deal of work. The ratio of actual forest cover to total land area dropped from 59.97 percent in 1990 to 52.52 percent in 2010, while CO2 emission increased from 1.377.983 Gg CO2e (2000) to 1,791,372 GgCO2e (2005). Moreover, the proportion of household with sustainable access to safe drinking water went up from 37.73 percent (1993) to 42.76 percent (2011), while those with proper sanitation increased from 24.81 percent (1993) to 55.60 percent (2011).

UNDP's work in Indonesia

Proportion of households with access to safe drinking water and sanitation


1.44 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG7
  1. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  2. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
    • Proportion of land area covered by forest and proportion of species threatened with extinction
    • CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
    • Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
    • Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
    • Proportion of total water resources used
    • Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
    • Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
    • Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
  4. Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
    • Proportion of urban population living in slums