Life expetancy at birth(*yrs)
Pecentage of women in parliament
Indonesia’s population of 250 million people live amid 17,508 islands. The diverse country, in the world’s largest archipelago, is home to hundreds of distinct ethnic groups, as well as hundreds of languages.
The country has experienced significant economic growth in the last decade, and its middle class continues to expand. Indonesia is now categorized as lower middle-income, and between 2009 and 2013 annual GDP growth was 5.8 percent. With a rising middle class expected to reach 135 million people by 2020, the country is challenged with widening inequality.
Indonesia has made significant progress in sustainable development. From 1970 to 2010, Indonesia was one of the top ten biggest upward movers in UNDP’s Human Development Index. The country’s efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have been quite successful, the country achieving several goals related to poverty reduction, health, and education. Between 2000 and 2015, the proportion of Indonesians living below the national poverty line fell from 19 per cent to less than 11 per cent. The world’s fourth most populous nation is now the 16th biggest economy in the world and a preferred destination for foreign investment in the region.
Nonetheless progress has been largely uneven. Indonesia has more than 28 million people still living below the national poverty line and many more do not have access to basic social services. In Papua and West Papua, poverty rates are twice the national average. Between 2002 and 2013, income inequality increased by 24 per cent.Large sections of the population lack access to basic services, with 68 percent – mainly those in urban centres – having access to safe drinking water, and 61 per cent to sanitation. Women continue to have lower access to education, employment and services.
Long term development in Indonesia is jeopardized by environmental degradation and climate change. Much of the country’s economic growth has been driven by the extraction of natural resources at the expense of the environment. Indonesia is also one of the world’s top emitters of greenhouse gases and the deforestation rate is one of the highest in the world.
The challenge therefore is for Indonesia to generate the growth it needs to cutpoverty and inequality and at the same time protect its natural resources and its long term development prospects.
Indonesia continues to be a rising power both in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the G20, and has Southeast Asia’s biggest economy, with a Gross Domestic Product of $888.5 billion in 2014.
- 242,325,638 (2011)
- Area (in sq. km)
- Area (in sq. mi)
- Bahasa Indonesia
- Poverty rate*
- Per capita income
- $ 5200 ( U$ : 12,000 Rupiah)
- Human Development Index
Sources: *Central Bureau Statistics (BPS) &Human Development Report 2012